Are Tattoos Addictive?

tattooAt Eden Recovery and Rehabilitation Centre we frequently get asked whether tattoos can be addictive or not.  Tattoos are an ever more present occurrence in our modern age. Views and opinions regarding tattoos have steadily changed over the last 40 years.

Since the dawn of man people have been etching tattoos into their skin. These marks served as status symbols, amulets, and signs of religious beliefs or love, punishment and even for medicinal purposes. Traditionally tattoos carry with them a negative stigma. This is due to the fact that majority of a given population associated tattoos with evil, criminality and deviant behaviour. Recently more and more people decide to get a tattoo or continually return to the needle for more ink. Some believe this is due to a younger generation that view tattoos as a way to control their identities and express their creativity.

Reasons why a person might be addicted to a tattoo?

Physiological Theories

At Eden Recovery and Rehabilitation Centre we often hear myths or well justified arguments why people believe that tattoos are addictive. One of the arguments explains that based on a physiological level people get addicted to the pain they endure during the process of a tattoo. There is no real scientific proof to substantiate this argument; however people can get a natural “high” from the adrenaline and endorphins being released by the brain. The release of these chemicals is in response to the pain caused by the needle. Another compelling physiological argument is called the pain substitution theory. This theory states that a person might be drawn to a tattoo time and time again due to the self-mutilation factor. It states that a person will engage in this practice, because they find a sense of control when causing themselves pain. At Eden Rehabilitation we believe that this is used in a therapeutic capacity where one would use physical pain to relieve emotional or mental stress.

Psychological Theories

When we talk about tattoo addiction at Eden Recovery and Rehabilitation Centre we always consider possible psychological theories. These theories provide us with valuable and potential substantiation as to why people choose body art. Many psychological theories suggest that attention and self-expression can play a vital role in acquiring a new tattoo. The vast majority of people that are “inked” use tattoos as a form of artistic expression. Each tattoo has a meaning which is significant to the person wearing it. In some cases it can be as simple as “I thought it was beautiful”. At Eden Recovery Centre we understand that regardless of the intent behind the tattoo, the owner of his or her new ink finds it possible to use artwork on their bodies as a satisfying way of expressing who they believe they are.

More psychological theories include the aspect of spirituality. For decades Japanese artists considered their work to bring about spiritual awakening. In modern times people can use religious icons to express their devotion to their beliefs. For a part of the population tattoos can serve as a therapeutic tool after traumatic events. During this process a tattoo is used to commemorate or celebrate an event or a person in their life. This tattoo can then lead to therapeutic growth. In a qualitative study done in 2016 it was found that tattoos can serve as a form of therapy.

Other Theories

Less well known theories can add their weight to the discussion on whether tattoos can be addictive or not. One such theory suggests that people become addicted to the collection of tattoos. This suggests an aspect of compulsive hoarding. Other theories believe that people often get tattoos because it is seen as an organizational obligation. This means that it might be mandatory for people who form part of prison gangs or biker groups to get new ink.

At Eden Recovery and Rehabilitation Centre we believe that addiction is a compulsion which a person has no self-control over. Most of the time addiction is not the reason why many people get several tattoos. Most individuals get body art because they want to get them and not because they need to get them.

All the theories give compelling reasons why any individual might want to get a tattoo or more tattoos. But these theories do not provide any scientific proof that a tattoo can be addictive. However what people can get out of a tattoo for example pain, reactions, acceptance, self-expression or even healing can be considered as potentially addictive. The argument regarding tattoo addiction is ongoing. The simple answer is that we don’t know whether tattoos are addictive or not. At Eden we believe that it is too early in terms of research to say whether a tattoo can be seen specifically as an addiction.


The Dangers of Prescription Medication

Prescription MedsAt Eden Recovery and Rehabilitation Centre we understand that we live in an age ruled by the prescription pad and dominated by our need to satisfy a hunger within us. We are conditioned to trust the “system “and consume whatever is prescribed to us without questioning anything or anybody. For a large portion of the population this has become more than a daily struggle, but a way of surviving. The use of prescription medication has developed into a serious problem in South Africa, and is more common than most people would like to believe.

What is Prescription Drug Abuse?

At Eden Recovery and Rehabilitation Centre we talk about substance misuse or abuse. This refers to the use of a drug that deviates from approved social or medical patterns usually through self-administration e.g. using painkillers, prescribed by your physician.  Many people who consume prescription medication are blissfully unaware of what they put into their bodies. Others with more experience of the effects of a particular substance know exactly what that substance can do for them. There is a general belief that abusing prescription medication is not as bad as using street drugs like Heroin. This however is a common misconception. Due to this popular misconception many people test the theory believing they know better and that one more will not hurt. It is this naivety that ultimately leads to an addiction.

What most people don’t know?

Many prescription drugs that we have readily available on a daily basis are more harmful to our bodies and minds than we actually know. This includes Dexedrine and Ritalin, stimulatory substances as well as painkillers like OxyContin and Pethidine. The reason why many of these man-made or synthetic substances are so dangerous is due to the high potency of synthetic ingredients. Ritalin is a common drug that is used to treat learning disorders such as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. What makes this drug potentially dangerous is that the tablet contains tiny particles of insoluble fillers. These solid materials and other stimulatory effects can potentially harm the body. Prescription drug effects can include:

  • Blocking the small blood vessels
  • Liver, Lung and Kidney damage
  • Loss of appetite
  • Convulsions, seizures and death from high doses
  • Erratic, bizarre and sometimes violent behaviour
  • Disturbed sleep patterns
  • Permanent damage to the blood vessels of the heart and the brain
  • Strong psychological dependence

The fact of the matter is many substances were once prescribed without a concern for patient safety, only later to be banned. The substances were banned because the evidence of harmful effects could no longer be ignored. These prescription medications once included Cocaine, Ecstasy, LSD, Methamphetamines and Heroin. All regarded today as hard street drugs.

How to prevent prescription drug addiction?

Many people today use prescription medication because they believe it is well justified. They believe that it is needed to either function or sleep well. Recognise them for what they are- lies. What drug prevention strategies can one employ to avoid addiction? The first step to avoiding addiction or even dependence is to educate yourself on what medication you are using. This does not mean to check the spelling of the brand, but rather what it does to your body and mind.

Before taking any medication know what you use it for and the potential effects it may have on your body and mind. Mandela once wrote “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world”. You don’t need to change the world, but it can help you to change your world. Explore alternative methods that you can utilize to achieve a specific state e.g. sleeping by listening to music. Always look for alternative methods before taking medication that will alter your natural brain chemistry. Do not self-medicate, always follow the instructions of the physician exactly as prescribed.

Do not share or give medication away. Your script was intended for you and your presenting complaint, not your neighbour next door. Get out more, exercise regularly, eat healthy and enjoy the conversation and laughter of the people you treasure. This is a big stress relief and is obtained through a natural process.

At Eden Recovery and Rehabilitation our dedicated team of professionals aim to assist any individual that may have fallen victim to prescription medication. At Eden Recovery and Rehab Centre we do not believe in just helping the addict, but insist on supporting the family. An addict might be the one that is infected, but it is the family and close friends who are affected by the addiction. The sad reality is that addiction doesn’t just kill the addict. It kills the family, kids and people who tried to help.

 


Recognizing the Signs of Abuse and Addiction

At Eden, we have seen time and time again how drug and alcohol abuse not only affects the addict, but how it rips families apart and breaks down communities. Drug abuse affects people from all walks of life and all socioeconomic statuses. Whatever the reason a person starts taking drugs, tolerance and dependency can develop quickly, before the user even realizes the pattern of addiction taking hold. When tolerance becomes full-blown addiction, it can be extremely difficult to stop the pattern of abuse.

Breaking free from the hold of addiction often requires outside help and that’s where Eden steps in. When you realize that you or someone you love may have a problem, it’s essential to get help right away. If you or someone you know needs treatment for drug abuse, we can help.

So how can you tell if a loved one is on drugs?

In order to recognize the signs of abuse and addiction – you will need to look out for physical or behavioral symptoms that will most likely include:

Physical Symptoms

Some of the most noticeable symptoms of drug abuse are those that affect the body’s inner workings. For example, your body’s tolerance to a drug occurs when a drug is abused for long enough that increased quantities or strengths are required to achieve the previous effects. This desire for a more intense high, achieved through these means, is extremely dangerous and can easily lead to overdose.

The diminishing effects set in after the first time, and the user constantly tries to replicate the first high he or she gets from the drug by taking increasing amounts. This is extremely dangerous and can quickly lead to overdose.

Changes in appearance can be additional clues to possible drug use and may include:

  • Bloodshot or glazed eyes.
  • Dilated or constricted pupils.
  • Abrupt weight changes.
  • Bruises, infections, or other physical signs at the drug’s entrance site on the body.

Disruption to normal brain functioning, changes in personality, and heart and organ dysfunction can be signs of long-term drug abuse. Signs will vary based on the substance. Click on any drug above to learn more.

Behavioral Symptoms

Drug abuse negatively affects a person’s behavior and habits as he or she becomes more dependent on the drug. The drug itself can alter the brain’s ability to focus and form coherent thoughts, depending on the substance.

Changes in behavior, such as the following, can indicate a problem with drug abuse:

  • Increased aggression or irritability.
  • Changes in attitude/personality.
  • Sudden changes in a social network.
  • Dramatic changes in habits and/or priorities.
  • Financial problems.
  • Involvement in criminal activity.

Learning to recognize the physical or behavioral signs of drug abuse can help prevent the problem from progressing further. For information on Eden Recovery Centre’s Treatment Programmes and advice, please feel free to contact the Eden Recovery Centre. You can depend on full discretion.

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5 Reasons Why We Experience Drinker’s Guilt

Did I say something stupid? Did I behave like an idiot? Did I offend anyone? Did I ruin my image? Is everyone mad at me? These are the kinds of thoughts that plague people who suffer from drinker’s guilt. Some people can wake up after a night of debauchery and drink some coffee, eat some bacon and move on with their day. Other people pay for the night before, so intensely that they promise themselves never to drink again, every time. Why do some of us wake up with a moral hangover even when we didn’t do anything to deserve it? These are five reasons you suffer from hangxiety:

  1. You’ve “Let Yourself Down”

While cutting back on drinking might not have been a forefront plan, knowing that you drank a lot means that you willingly crossed a line the night before, forfeiting the following day. Basically, you’re mad at last night’s self for putting this morning’s self in trouble.

  1. You’ve Jeopardized Your Health

The second you wake up in the morning and feel that soreness behind your eyes, the dryness in your mouth, the slosh of acid in your stomach and the ache in your joints, you know you’re hungover. Once you’ve made that assessment, you immediately become disappointed with yourself for not taking better care of yourself.

  1. You’ve Had Too Much To Drink

The more you drink, the worse you feel. That’s science. Sometimes the anxiety you feel in the morning is an added alert you’re giving yourself to let yourself know that you’re drinking too much. The anxiety acts as a self service almost, wedging its way between you and your drinking habits. It tries to deter you from drinking away your hangover from last night. The anxiety tries to steer you onto a different path.

  1. Dehydration Makes You Anxious

Alcohol reduces the amount of “anti-diruectic” hormones in your body, meaning it lets your body rid itself of much more water than it does when you’re sober. Your bathroom breaks are leaving you dehydrated. The effects of dehydration in the body lead to more than thirstiness and headaches — it can also lead to faintness, dizziness and confusion.

  1. You’re Drinking The Wrong Drinks

Drinks with higher congener content like bourbon, scotch, dark beers and red wines will leave you with stronger hangovers. The high sugar content on top of the dehydrating effects of alcohol are going to seriously mess with your blood sugar, which will only add to the amount of panic and cloudiness you will experience in the morning. So if you want to drink but you don’t want to deal with the morning freak out, drink light, low-sugar drinks, punctuated by lots of replenishing water, and try not to overdo it.

If you are worried about the amount you are drinking or for information on Eden Recovery Centre’s Treatment Programmes and advice, please feel free to contact the Eden Recovery Centre. You can depend on full discretion.

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Krokodil Drug – The Same high as heroin. Only cheaper

Krokodil could possibly be the worst drug in the world. Worse than cocaine, worse than heroin, worse than meth, worse than acid. According to Eden Recovery Centre, the drug is named after crocodiles because of the scaly appearance gangrenous skin takes on. It even makes crack look appealing, and that’s insane.

Krokodil’s origins are amongst Russia’s poorest communities where it arose as a cheap alternative to heroin. The substance can be concocted by crushing codeine tablets, which are widely available, and mixing them with substances like petrol, red phosphorous and hydrochloric acid.

Sound dangerous? Doctors estimate that from the point an addict first takes krokodil, their life expectancy is a little over two years.

According to people who have taken it, the drug has approximately the same effects, the same high, as heroin, but for as little as a tenth of the price of the real thing. Eden Recovery explains why this is such a terribly worrying concern for parents of the youth of SA.

The street price of heroin in South Africa is around R50 a gram which isn’t that expensive, but the costs can add up as addicts require stronger and more frequent doses, says Eden Recovery.

In Russia’s factory towns, a raging heroin habit can decimate a person’s funds, hence increasing numbers turning to Krokodil.

South Africa has a huge amount of low-income heroin addicts, making the rise of Krokodil almost inevitable. While the high might be good, the side effects are anything but. The drug literally rots human from the inside out, and in serious users it isn’t uncommon to see large expanses of exposed bone and muscle.

If you or a loved one is suffering from addiction and would like us to guide you on treatment programmes available, please contact the Eden Recovery Centre at help@edenrecovery.co.za or contact +27 11 244 9916. Our qualified staff are trained to assist you in taking the first steps to breaking free from addiction. You can depend on full discretion.


The Effects of Drug Abuse on Fertility

It’s no secret that substance abuse can be damaging to your health, but one of the ways that an addiction to a drug or alcohol can be most harmful is in hindering your ability to become a parent. At Eden Recovery Centre, we describe how cigarettes, heroin, alcohol and marijuana can have an impact on reproductive health – as proven by research.

How Tobacco affects fertility.

Besides harming almost every organ in the body, smoking can have disastrous consequences for fertility says Eden Recovery Centre. In one study published in the journal Human Reproduction, women who smoked and were trying to get pregnant were 42% more likely to experience a delay in conception of more than one year compared with non-smoking women; in fact, the smokers had double the risk of infertility problems of non-smokers in the study.

How Marijuana affects fertility

Although it’s often seen as a relatively harmless drug, marijuana can have a profound effect on reproductive health, especially in men. In a study of almost 2,000 British guys, researchers found that those 30 and younger who reported smoking marijuana at least once in the past three months were almost twice as likely to have sperm whose shape and size was abnormal. Study author Allan Pacey of the University of Sheffield suggested that “cannabis users might be advised to stop using the drug if they are planning to try and start a family.”

How alcohol affects fertility

While having an occasional drink likely won’t lower your odds of getting pregnant explains Eden Recovery Centre, it’s a different story if you’re drinking a lot. In a Fertility and Sterility study, researchers compared sperm quality in moderate drinkers with that of 66 alcoholic men who drank about six ounces or more of alcohol daily, or nearly so. The researchers detected abnormalities in the alcoholics’ reproductive hormones and found that their sperm count and motility (how well the sperm could move through the female reproductive tract) were significantly lower compared with the non-alcoholic control group.

How Heroin and Cocaine affects fertility

When it comes to hard drugs like heroin and cocaine and their impact on fertility, the prognosis is, unsurprisingly, pretty grim says Eden Recovery Centre. Men who use heroin, for example, may experience sexual dysfunction that lasts even after they quit, suggests a study published in the journal Clinical Endocrinology. Heroin affects the quality, and especially the motility of sperm, according to a study of 80 heroin-addicted men.

The potential effects of cocaine on fertility have mostly been evaluated in animal trials. In one study of female monkeys researchers found that cocaine impaired ovulation and ovarian function. Similarly, a study in male rats showed that cocaine affected the development of the animals’ sperm cells.

If you are worried about how your drug addiction could be affecting you chances of becoming a parent, please contact the Eden Recovery Centre’s for treatment programmes and advice.  You can depend of full discretion.


Alcohol Poisoning Facts

Getting to the bottom of alcohol poisoning

We’ve all been there. Our first big party. Succumbing to peer pressure.  Overdoing the limit, only to land up with alcohol poisoning. The truth is black coffee won’t help. Nor will making yourself sick or trying to sleep it off.

In fact, these traditional ways of trying to sober up can do far more harm than good. Particularly if you’re experiencing acute alcohol poisoning – which can be difficult to spot initially.

You may have only had a few drinks, or several, but this isn’t always an indicator.

“By recognising the signs of acute alcohol poisoning and knowing what to do, you could save someone’s life or your own.” Says Athy, from Eden Recovery Centre.

What not to do if somebody is suffering from alcohol poisoning:

NEVER:

  • Leave someone to sleep it off. The amount of alcohol in someone’s blood continues to rise even when they’re not drinking.
  • Give them a coffee. Alcohol dehydrates the body. Coffee will make someone who is already dehydrated even more so. Severe dehydration can cause permanent brain damage.
  • Make them sick. Their gag reflex won’t be working properly which means they could choke on their vomit.
  • Walk them around. Alcohol is a depressant which slows down your brain’s functions and affects your sense of balance.
  • Put them under a cold shower. Alcohol lowers your body temperature, which could lead to hypothermia.

There is no minimum amount of alcohol that could cause alcohol poisoning

Five things to do if someone is showing signs of alcohol poisoning:

  1. Try to keep them awake and sitting up.
  2. Give them some water, if they can drink it.
  3. Lie them on their side in the recovery position if they’ve passed out, and check they’re breathing properly.
  4. Keep them warm.
  5. Stay with them and monitor their symptoms.
  6. If they’re not getting any better, don’t delay, dial 999 for an ambulance.

If you know somebody that is battling alcohol abuse or if you are struggling with the addiction yourself, please feel free to contact the Eden Recovery Centre for advice on recovery and treatment plans. You can depend on full discretion.

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When and how does drug abuse start and progress?

Studies such as the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, indicate that some children are already abusing drugs at age 12 or 13, which likely means that some begin even earlier. Early abuse often includes such substances as tobacco, alcohol, inhalants, marijuana, and prescription drugs such as sleeping pills and anti-anxiety medicines. At Eden Recovery Centre, we have experienced first hand that if abuse persists into later adolescence, abusers typically become more heavily involved with marijuana and then advance to other drugs, while continuing their abuse of tobacco.

So what starts an addiction you ask? AT Eden Recovery Centre we explain to parents that an addiction can start for a variety of reasons. A very common factor is that of peer pressure: young people don’t like to be different from their friends and want to be part of the group.

If that group enjoys drinking or taking drugs then it can very difficult to resist especially if not doing so means that they are excluded from the group.

Experimentation is another reason. Many young people like to dabble in new and sometimes risky activities and drugs/alcohol/smoking are part of that. It is often done out of a sense of curiosity but it is easy to become hooked. Sometimes, teenagers try illicit substances as an act of rebellion or to defy their parents or teachers. They see it as part of being an adult or growing up. Others are attracted by the fact that the more dangerous or illegal a substance is the more desirable it becomes.

Some young people choose to take drugs or drink as a means of escaping a chaotic home life or a deprived background. Teenagers tend to be impulsive and take risks so illegal substances are no different in this aspect.

Children of parents who were or are addicted to drugs are 45 to 79 percent more likely to succumb to drug addiction themselves” Spokesperson of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.

If you feel your kids may be falling to the grips of drug addiction, please contact the Eden Recovery Centre for advice and treatment plans. You can depend on full discretion. Or follow us on Facebook / Edenrehabcentre.


Education is the best solution to South Africa’s drug problem

Every year, research shows that more and more young people are not only being exposed to drugs but falling victim to its deadly grasp. No one questions the severity of the drug problem and its devastating impact on youth.

Academic results suffer and, even worse, drugs undermine health and destroy young lives.

At Eden Recovery Centre, we believe that the best solution is to reach young people with effective, fact-based drug education—before they start experimenting with drugs. Tweens, teens and young adults who know the facts about drugs are much less likely to start using them.

Digital is the way of the future and parents should use this to their advantage. There are many online education website that provide full Truth About Drugs Education materials at your fingertips, and contains practical tools to educate young people about substance abuse.

These educational tools can teach you things such as: 1) Various drugs and their effects 2) Signs of drug abuse. 2) Treatment and various facilities such as Eden Recovery Centre 3) Drug facts 4) Friends and drugs as well as videos which you can share with your children.

Education is the most powerful weapon you as a parent have today to prevent your children from making the wrong decisions. Help them choose wisely.

For more information on drug abuse or various treatment plans offered by Eden Rehabilitation Centre, please contact us or follow us on Facebook @EdenRehabCentre. You can always depend on full discretion.


Drinking and Driving. The limit in South Africa

At Eden Recovery Centre we strongly believe that the rule of drinking and driving is simple… don’t do it.

It is a proven fact that your driving is impaired after even one unit of alcohol, so it is safer to not drink at all when you know you will be driving. Driving under the influence is a criminal offence and it only takes one point over the limit to seal your fate – which could mean up to six years in prison.

Drunk driving is currently one of the biggest threats to Road Safety in South Africa. More than 21,000 people have been arrested on our roads in the last year as a result of drinking and driving, and it has been shown that 50% of people who die on our roads are over the limit.

So how exactly do we define what the drinking and driving limit is? In South Africa, the legal limit is a breath alcohol content of 0.24mg per 1,000ml, or a blood alcohol limit of 0.05g per 100ml, a fact that should be burnt into every motorist’s memory. This begs the question: ‘what does this mean for me, and what specifically constitutes being over the limit?’

The rule of thumb is a maximum of one unit of alcohol per hour, which constitutes 10ml of pure alcohol, based on an adult weighing 68kg. Our bodies can process only one unit of alcohol each hour. However, it is important to be aware that if you weigh less than 68kg your body will need more time to process the same amount of alcohol.

What does one unit represent?

  • It is equal to two thirds of a beer or spirit cooler with 5% alcohol content.
  • For those who drink wine, 75ml of red or white wine per hour with an alcohol content of 12% to 14% is acceptable.
  • Whisky and brandy connoisseurs can drink up to one 25ml tot of alcohol per hour.

“In case you are wondering if there are any quick-fix solutions, drinking coffee to get sober is a myth, as is taking a cold shower or drinking a litre of water.” Says Athy from Eden Recovery Centre. Once the alcohol is in your system your liver is going to need time to process it, and restricting yourself to only one unit per hour will give your body the time it needs to stay sober in the eyes of the law.

Alcohol significantly slows reaction time and distorts your vision, and the effects of a heavy night of drinking could well affect your driving ability the next morning, and you may still even be over the legal limit. After only one unit of alcohol, your chances of being in an accident are doubled, and when you are at the legal limit of 0.24mg, you are four times more likely to be in an accident. At the end of the day, motorists need to ask if it’s really worth risking the consequences before drinking and driving.

If you are concerned that your alcohol consumption could be putting your life, as well as the lives of others at risk, please contact Eden Recovery Centre for advise on treatment plans. We are here to help you break free from the chains o.f addiction. You can depend of full discretion